Because on I missed class last Wednesday I was unable to hear the lecture on Hypoglycemia, so I wanted to research more about it and blog about it. Hypoglycemia is an abnormally low count of glucose or sugar in your blood supply. It can produce a variety of symptoms and effects but the principal problem arises  from an inadequate supply of glucose to the brain which then results in impairment of function. Effects can range from mild dysphoria to much more sever cases like seizures, unconsciousness and permanent brain damage but those cases are very rare. Hypoglycemia is treated by restoring the blood glucose level to normal by the ingestion or administration of dextrose  or carbohydrate foods. In more severe circumstances it is treated by injection or infusion of glucagon. Recurrent hypoglycemia may be prevented by reversing or removing the underlying cause, by increasing the frequency of meals, with medications  like diazoxide, octreotide, or glucocoriciods, or by surgical removal of much of the pancreas. The level of blood glucose low enough to define hypoglycemia may be different for different people, in different circumstances, and for different purposes, and occasionally has been a matter of controversy. Most healthy adults maintain fasting glucose levels above 4.0 mmo/L  (72 mg/dl), and develop symptoms of hypoglycemia when the glucose falls below 4 mmol/L. It can sometimes be difficult to determine whether a person’s symptoms are due to hypoglycemia.